C.C. Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg (syns Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Chlorophora excelsa Benth. Treatment of Stomach Problems. Habitat. Iroko Milicia excelsa with IITA Forest Reserve in the background. Milicia excelsa. Translate this page: Summary. Milicia regia is a plant of the moist, lowland tropics. The powdered bark is used for coughs, heart problems and lassitude. The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is originally from Guinea Bissau before spreading to Benin, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, United States, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Kenya, Rwanda, India, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zimbabwe. Bursaphelenchus irokophilus n. sp. C.C. timber with international recognition. Berg) in Ibadan Metropolis, Oyo State, Nigeria, International Journal of African and Asian Studies - An Open Access International Journal Vol.1, pp. Berg) in Benin. Check for more information on the species: African Plants Database: Names, synonymy and distribution: Global Plant Initiative 2] Babalola, F. D., Borokini, T. I. and Onefeli, A. O. The iroko wood has similar features with that of Tectona grandis L.f. and it is sort of greasy in appearance without odour while the fruit are oblong, fleshy and creased with the seeds encapsulated within the pulp. Bark is used in the treatmet of scabies and yaws. Holzforschung 59 (5), pp. INTRODUCTION. African Teak, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule. Relative importance. . The main habitat of the iroko tree (African teak) is the rainforest, wet savannah, and evergreen forests. The herbal medicine can also be used to unblock the throat from any blockages such as. I'm Blessing and I'm glad to meet you. Subscribe to Global Food Book's email updates and get a FREE eBook on benefits of organic food. Care must be taken to position seedlings in full shade and End uses. The iroko wood is characterised by perfect gluing, nailing, mortise and screwing properties. and its derivative on melanin biosynthesis. Leaf preparations are externally applied to treat snakebites and fever and as eye drops to treat filariasis. They are applied as an enema to cure piles, diarrhoea and dysentery. It is also taken against stomach problems, hypertension and as a galactagogue, and it is used for treatment of tumours and obstructions of the throat. The latex is used as an anti-tumour agent and to clear stomach and throat obstructions. Iroko ( Milicia excelsa ) is a commercially important timber tree species formerly known by local people in Benin. The iroko leaves are also characterised by rectangular mesh of veins that are easily conspicuous. Hypoxia was induced by sodium nitrite Milicia excelsa is widely used in African traditional medicine. HI THERE.. Studies also reveal that the iroko is characterised by anti-pyretic, antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-diuretic, hypoglycemic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties thus can be used for treating several ailments. The iroko leaves, bark and ashes can serve as manure and mulch, which is used for farming produce. not always congruent with morphological differentiation, (ii) use of plastid sequences might lead to misinterpretation, (iii) rare species might not be sampled. C.C. Some people believe that eating iroko leaves is capable of treating mental disorders. One tree that stands out above all others in the IITA Ibadan campus is the iroko Milicia excelsa. 1] Arung, E.T, Yoshikawa, K., Shimizu, K. and Kondo, R., (2005), The effect of. Studies also reveal that the iroko is characterised by. Iroko tree (African teak) is a gigantic deciduous tree with a height of approximately 52 metres (162 ft) high and many short buttress roots formed at the base. All loci were variable, with the mean number of alleles per locus ranging from 5.86 to 7.69. Milicia excelsa (Odum-Iroko), one of the most important and high valued tropical timber tree species suffers a high level of exploitation. All Rights Reserved. This plant is widely used in African folk medicine as a decoction to treat several ailments. Other plant parts probably have similar medicinal uses as those of Milicia excelsa. Berg popularly called African teak or Iroko belongs to the family Moraceae and it is a large Brenan (dabéma), azobé, Nauclea diderrichii, bilinga or Afzelia spp. The iroko wood comprises of the stilbene derivative chlorophorin that prevents oil-based paints from drying as well as has the tendency to corrode metal when in contact with the substance. African locust bean tree (Parkia biglobosa) is a multipurpose species used widely in arid Africa by local communities.The present study focused on ethnic differences in use values and use patterns of P. biglobosa in Northern Benin, where the species widely grows.The use values according to the various ethnic groups in the study area have been evaluated in detail for P. biglobosa. IT IS GREAT TO MEET YOU.. Hence, this study investigated the antihypoxic potential of the ethanol leaf extract of Milicia excelsa in mice, as well as determined quantitatively the phytoconstituents present in the extract. Medicinal PurposesResearchers reveal the presence of flavonoids, carbohydrate, proteins, tannins, saponins and alkaloids in the aqueous extracts from different parts of the African teak, which make it capable of being used to treat diabetes, bronchitis, leprosy, tiredness, heart problems, tumour reduction. Two species of Milicia are found in Africa; M. excelsa and M. regia.They are recognized together as Iroko. that will lead to conservation of rare medicinal plants should be developed to ensure that the wealth of knowledge and products are maintained. Because of these and many other uses of Milicia excelsa people have over This is due to its resistance to external damages and insect attacks such as termites. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});The iroko leaves, bark, milky/yellowish latex and ashes are used for preparing herbal medicines for treating certain ailments and diseases. African teak is a large, deciduous tree with a wide, flat crown; it can grow up to 50 metres tall [ 299. It is resistant to termites and is used for construction, furniture, joinery, panelling, floors and boats. The iroko wood is sort of abrasive as a result of the presence of hard deposits known as iroko stones made up of calcium carbonate within the wood. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({});Soil Enhancement PurposesThe iroko leaves, bark and ashes can serve as manure and mulch, which is used for farming produce. Milicia excelsa (welw.) The iroko tree can withstand an annual rainfall of less than 70 centimetres or six months of the dry season but inasmuch as there is a nearby body of water. Iroko ( Milicia excelsa ) is a commercially important timber tree species formerly known by local people in Benin. The latex in the plant is credited with antiseptic and healing properties and is applied on wounds and burns[299 ]. The commercial values of M. excelsa trees as sources of famous timber known as Iroko is probably responsible for few studies on its ethno-medicinal uses. Berg. Because of the highly attractive technological properties of its wood and its multipurpose uses, the species was subjected to intensive human pressure. Both the male and female iroko trees have unique distinguishing features e.g; the female iroko trees are characterised by greenish prominent flower spikes that are approximately 5 to 6 centimetres long by 2 cm wide, while the male trees are characterised by white catkins that measure approximately 15 to 20 centimetres extending from the twigs at the leaves axils. These phytochemicals in traditional medicinal plants are capable of curing ailments like fever, asthma, ... Its fruit has also been reported to be used in masking mouth odour as well as being used as stimulant 34. Abstract Background: Milicia excelsa is used to treat mental illnesses among the Hausa ethnic group of Northern Nigeria, but there is lack of scientific investigation to validate this ethnomedicinal claim. The timber is strong, durable and weather resistant and is much used for outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building. © 2020 Global Food Book. (Moraceae) indicates extensive gene dispersal in a low-density wind-pollinated tropical tree. The iroko leaves are also characterised by rectangular mesh of veins that are easily conspicuous. Both the male and female iroko trees have unique distinguishing features e.g; the female iroko trees are characterised by greenish prominent flower spikes that are approximately 5 to 6 centimetres long by 2 cm wide, while the male trees are characterised by white catkins that measure approximately 15 to 20 centimetres extending from the twigs at the leaves axils. African Teak, Iroko, Kambala, Moreira, Moule. General Information. The iroko seeds are usually dispersed by rain water, wind or animals such as bats. The iroko root can be decocted and used for treating female sexual infertility, asthma, piles, lumbago, spleen pain, galactagogue, oedema, scabies, wounds, ascites, sprains, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, venereal diseases, sprains, loss of hair, rheumatism and aphrodisiac. indicating that these plants were rarely used by the informants [Table 2]. Subscribe to our e-mail newsletter to receive updates. The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is originally from Guinea Bissau before spreading to Benin, Ethiopia, Mozambique, Nigeria, United States, Angola, Tanzania, Cameroon, Kenya, Rwanda, India, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zimbabwe. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. Because of the highly attractive technological properties of its wood and its multipurpose uses, the species was subjected to intensive human pressure. This post is for enlightenment purposes only and should not be used as a replacement for professional diagnostic and treatments. Milicia excelsa is widely spread across Africa, M. regia are found mainly in the wet forest zone while M.excelsa have a preference for the dry zones 1. M. excelsa is commonly known as odum or iroko in Ghana. In Malabo healers use many herbs whereas in Bata they use more trees than herbs. C.C. The tree yields a strong, dense and durable dark brown hardwood timber. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. Fandohan B, Assogbadjo AE, Glèlè Kakaï R, Kyndt T, De Caluwé E, Codjia JTC, Sinsin B. The leaves and the ashes also have medicinal uses. Benefits of the iroko tree (African teak). The iroko wood has similar features with that of Tectona grandis L.f. and it is sort of greasy in appearance without odour while the fruit are oblong, fleshy and creased with the seeds encapsulated within the pulp. Milicia excelsa Moraceae (Welw.) Traditional healers use 33 medicinal latex plants for 82 diseases or specific uses in Maritime Region of Togo. Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) is used to treat mental illnesses, among other traditional uses in Africa, but no scientific supports for its use. Forest Ecology and Management. Berg (Moraceae) is a medicinal plant recommended over tropical Africa as a cure for several ailments including amenorrhea. functional groups of the phytochemicals present in M. excelsa leaf extract and fractions using UV-Vis and FT-IR spectroscopic techniques and to evaluate their anti-inflammatory properties. These are as follows:- A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. 2. Due to the overexploitation of the iroko, it has been suggested that it is replaced for certain uses with other similar species such as Lophira alata, difou, doussié, Morus mesozygia Stapf, Piptadeniastrum Africanum (Hook.f.) worldwide. The iroko wood comprises of the stilbene derivative chlorophorin that prevents oil-based paints from drying as well as has the tendency to corrode metal when in contact with the substance. Milicia excelsa on the other hand has also been reported to be used in herbal medicine. The thick branches of the iroko tree shoot out horizontally thus giving an umbrella shape. The iroko tree can withstand an annual rainfall of less than 70 centimetres or six months of the dry season but inasmuch as there is a nearby body of water. Young trees should be protected from browsing. GERMPLASM MANAGEMENT After extraction, the seeds should be dried in the shade for a few days to 8% mc. Baobab Tree Senegal IROKO = Milicia Excelsa = African Teak : Iroko is a large hardwood Tree from the west coast of tropical Africa the Tree is known to the Yoruba as Irókò or loko and is believed to have supernatural properties. C.C. prota.org . Food: Red palm oil extracted from fruit and palm kernel oil extracted from the seeds are extensively used in the preparation of food. Literature search showed that M. excelsa has many medicinal uses. Tropical Africa - Guinea Bissau east to Ethiopia and south to Angola, Zimbabwe and Mozambique. The lowest UV calculated was 0.005 for Ficus thonningii Blume, and Milicia excelsa (Welw.) Family: Meliaceae In Swahili this tree is called mvule, and in Latin it was formerly called Cholophora excelsa.It is traded as iroko.. The bark has analgesic effects, and the gum that oozes from cracks in the bark is a good antiseptic. The iroko root can be decocted and used for treating female sexual infertility, asthma, piles, lumbago, spleen pain, galactagogue, oedema, scabies, wounds, ascites, sprains, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, venereal diseases, sprains, loss of hair, rheumatism and aphrodisiac.Treatment of Stomach ProblemsThe milky latex and leaves from the iroko tree can be used to produce herbal medicines that can heal stomach problems such as dysentery. The main habitat of the iroko tree (African teak) is the rainforest, wet savannah, and evergreen forests. Forest Ecology and Management 110: 353-358. It is one of the woods sometimes referred to as African teak, although it is unrelated to the teak family. (Welw.) Iroko tree (African teak) is a gigantic deciduous tree with a height of approximately 52 metres (162 ft) high and many short buttress roots formed at the base. Berg family Moraceae popularly known as Iroko tree or African teak is a large deciduous tree 30 to 50 m high occurring naturally in humid forests of West Africa (Agyeman et al., 2009). C.C. Milicia excelsa planted in mixture with C. odorata significantly (p<0.05) showed higher plant height and stem diameter than those in pure stands. Hence, this study investigated the antihypoxic potential of the ethanol leaf extract of Milicia excelsa in mice, as well as determined quantitatively the phytoconstituents present in the extract. Brenan (dabéma), azobé, Nauclea diderrichii, bilinga or Afzelia spp. The herbal medicine can also be used to unblock the throat from any blockages such as cough and cold. The leaves and the ashes also have medicinal uses. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. 514–516. Milicia regia is a tropical, deciduous tree belonging in the Moraceae family. ), Proceedings XX International Congress of Entomology, Firenze, Italy. Milicia excelsa (welw.) Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana, Copyright © 2020 Indigenous Knowledge on Forest Foods & Medicinal Plants in Ghana. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. Ethanolic extract of M. excelsa at doses of 250, 500 and 1000 mg/kg/day were evaluated in the suppressive (early infection), prophylactic 6] Nichols, J. D., Wagner, M. R., Agyeman, V. K. and Cobbinah, J. R. (2000), Patterns of occurrence of, species in natural forest and its relationship to Phytolyma lata. Iroko is the dominant timber in international trade and Tanzania and Uganda had been the major suppliers of iroko in the past. Medicinal Rating (2 of 5) Care: liberianfaunaflora.org. Overall, 73 medicinal tree species were reported for 94 traditional medicinal uses. The milky latex can be used for treating skin burns, eczema, wounds, sores and other skin problems. Join me on this journey to discover, share and grow knowledge on recipes for life from around the globe. 8] Ouinsavi, C. and Sokpon, N. (2010), Morphological Variation and Ecological Structure of Iroko (. It has been cultivated and has grown well in Nigeria, on sandy soils with 2,000 - 2,500mm of rain per year, whereas on coarse sand and gravel with 1,000 - 1,500mm of rainfall, the trees grew poorly and were of bad form[ Milicia excelsa C.C.Berg (syns Chlorophora alba A.Chev., Chlorophora excelsa Benth. Milicia excelsa and Milicia regia are both traded as iroko and the share of Milicia excelsa in that commerce is unknown. (Phytolyma lata) which destroy the growing point of each shoot and cause stunting or death. [299 ]. Research advances in. Botanical References. Preparations from the bark are taken to treat cough, asthma, heart trouble, lumbago, spleen pain, stomach pain, abdominal pain, oedema, ascites, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, general fatigue, rheumatism, sprains, and as a galactagogue, aphrodisiac, tonic and purgative. Preparations from the bark are taken to treat cough, asthma, heart trouble, lumbago, spleen pain, stomach pain, abdominal pain, oedema, ascites, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, general fatigue, rheumatism, sprains, and as a galactagogue, aphrodisiac, tonic and purgative. The consequences of the high demand are that the roots of the medicinal plant species are entirely harvested and the trunk of the tree is circularly de-barked. 1-5. Media in category "Milicia excelsa" The following 38 files are in this category, out of 38 total. & Hook.f., Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw.) With the tremendous increase in human population and the need for activities such as construction, cultivation, rearing of animals, and environmental development, there has been a tremendous rise on the loss of natural habitats, ecosystems, wild animals, vegetation etc. The bark of the iroko tree is characteristically dark grey or pale in colour with thick texture and milky or yellowish latex if given a cut. The bark of the iroko tree is characteristically dark grey or pale in colour with thick texture and milky or yellowish latex if given a cut. C.C. The iroko wood is usually yellowish in colour initially but tends to transform to dark brown colour as the tree matures. Interestingly, this dioecious iroko tree appears to be one of the highly priceless trees in the world due to its numerous beneficial potentials. African Teak is a major timber tree from the African continent, its natural range extending from humid forests in West Africa to the savannas of Ethiopia in east and south to Angola, Tanzania, Mozambique and Zimbabwe. The medicinal' uses of the species is the most diversified. Socio-cultural surveys were carried out on the basis of a questionnaire administered on 346 respondents in order to investigate cultural and ethnobotanic uses of Milicia excelsa in Benin.. M. excelsa contributes to cure 45 human diseases. This has consequently led to increased use of medicinal plants therefore the need to conserve and domesticate them. Bot. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. 69, no. African teak is distributed across tropical central Africa. A list of plants commonly cited for their medicinal uses in Ghana has also been given. Of the listed species, 88% serve more than one function while 64% are used for firewood and charcoaling, 45%, and 40%, are used for timber and medicinal purposes, respectively. It has a wide and rounded crown, tall and straight trunk, and smooth reddish-brown bark. The medicinal plant usage, which was noted to be the most important category of use is addressed separately in a sec-ond paper. , antifungal, antibacterial, analgesic, anti-diuretic, hypoglycemic, antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties thus can be used for treating several ailments. We revisited molecular-based species delimitation in the African genus Milicia, currently divided into M. regia (West Africa) and M. excelsa (from West to East Africa). & Hook.f., Milicia africana Sim, Maclura excelsa Bureau, Morus excelsa Welw.) The iroko wood is usually yellowish in colour initially but tends to transform to dark brown colour as the tree matures. Jard. Iroko is the dominant timber in international trade and Tanzania and Uganda had been the major suppliers of iroko in the past. , Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung Section C-A Journal of Biosciences, vol. When the iroko leaves become older, they tend to turn yellowish in colour while the young leaves still remain greenish. The iroko bark is used for producing dyes that can be used for dyeing. Iroko leaves can be decocted and taken for treating gallstones. The fruits are also used to make palm nut soup. Most of the uses of sacred Trees for divine blessings or cure seem based on magical contact. of iroko as a commercial species in West Africa,” in Proceedings of the Research Advances in Restoration of Iroko as a Commercial Species in West Africa. Medicinal uses are important locally. Milicia excelsa (Welw.) As herbal medicine, various plant parts of African Teak are used in the treatment of a wide range of conditions such as coughs, heart problems, inflammation, female sterility, asthma, stomach pain, abdominal pain, wounds, scabies, diarrhea, dysentery, and skin problems. The timber from both trees is known as " iroko " and is used in construction, joinery, furniture making and the creation of mortars for grinding food. Berg. Berg, in Benin. Some iroko trees are male and others are female. Botanically known as Milicia excelsa and of the family of Moraceae, the Iroko tree is a vital timber tree across the world. 271–273. It is found in patches of taller, damper miombo woodland and coastal forest in Kilwa District, and is widely distributed in tropical Africa. Due to the durability of the iroko wood, it is mainly used for construction work, domestic flooring, cabinet-work, outdoor furniture, boats, panelling, boat-building, instrument, frames and floors. Background. C.C. ... Ouinsavi C, Sokpon N, Bada O. Utilisation and Strategies of In Situ Conservation of Milicia excelsa Welw, C.C. Due to the overexploitation of the iroko, it has been suggested that it is replaced for certain uses with other similar species such as Lophira alata, difou, doussié, Morus mesozygia Stapf, Piptadeniastrum Africanum (Hook.f.) The most important priority species were Afzelia africana, Khaya senegalensis, Milicia excelsa and Pterocarpus erinaceus. The majority part of medicinal … We pledge to keep your email safe. Common name: African teak Other common names: Counterwood, Iroko, Mora, Muvule, Odum, Olua, Description. A decoction of the leaves is taken for treatment of gallstones. Iroko is a major timber in international trade; during the 1960s Côte d’Ivoire exported about 55,000 m³ of iroko logs and 6000 m³ of iroko sawnwood per year, and Ghana 28,000 m³ of … … Because of these and many other uses of Milicia excelsa people have over harvested this species to the point of concern. 4.8.1 Milicia excelsa (Welw.) Remember to always consult your healthcare provider before making any health-related decisions or for counselling, guidance and treatment about a specific medical condition. The timber is strong, durable and weather resistant and is much used for outdoor and indoor constructional work, including boat building. and cold. Mulch is a set of material used to cover the surface of a vegetation of the soil in order to improve the fertility, conserve moisture and boost the well-being of the soil. The thick branches of the iroko tree shoot out horizontally thus giving an umbrella shape. 7-8, pp. Known Hazards. The iroko wood is characterised by perfect gluing, nailing, mortise and screwing properties. 4] Cobbinah, J. R. and Appiah-Kwarteng, J. The iroko wood is sort of abrasive as a result of the presence of hard deposits known as iroko stones made up of calcium carbonate within the wood. C.C. This is the hallmark of an ovarian lesion or a dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis which may lead to infertility, osteoporosis or endometrial cancer. Berg family Moraceae popularly known as Iroko tree or African teak is a large deciduous tree 30 to 50 m high occurring naturally in humid forests of West Africa (Agyeman et al., 2009). M. excelsa is commonly known as odum or iroko in Ghana. Milicia excelsa is a tree species from the genus Milicia of the family Moraceae.It is one of two species (the other being Milicia regia) yielding timber commonly known as African teak, iroko, intule, kambala, moreira, mvule, odum and tule.. Distribution and habitat. C.C. Arbre de l'incarnation du roi KPASSE LOKO, fondateur de la ville historique et de la forêt sacré de KPASSE OUIDAH au Bénin.jpg 5,184 × 3,888; 6.99 MB. 52: 227 (1982); in Fl.Cameroun 28: 9, t. 2 (1985); in F.T.E.A., Moraceae: 4 (1989). genus Milicia Kasso Daïnou1,2*, Céline Blanc-Jolivet3, Bernd Degen3, ... currently divided into M. regia (West Africa) and M. excelsa (from West to East Africa). Brux. Established in 1964, the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species has evolved to become the world’s most comprehensive information source on the global conservation status of animal, fungi and plant species. The fruits are edible and the fruit juice is used for flavoring. 9] Ouinsavi, C., Sokpon, N. and Bada, O., (2005), and traditional strategies of in situ conservation of iroko (. It can be used for constructing roads, garden furniture, framework, boat, doors, draining boards, houses, furniture, flooring, building, marine carpentry, gates, trucks, stairs, charcoal, firewood, utensils, frames, cabinet work, musical instruments, toys, panelling and for any long-lasting building purposes that require wood. Milicia excelsa Moraceae (Welw.) Young trees should be protected from browsing. Milicia excelsa (Moraceae) is used to treat mental illnesses, among other traditional uses in Africa, but no scientific supports for its use. Hence, this study investigated the antidepressant-like effect of butanol fraction of Milicia excelsa leaves in mice (BFME). Milicia excelsa (Welw.) Literature search showed that M. excelsa has many medicinal uses. Due to the thickness and durability of the iroko tree, it can be used for controlling erosion. The latex is applied on burns, wounds, sores and against eczema and other skin problems. The powdered bark is used for coughs, heart problems and lassitude. IROKO = Milicia Excelsa = African Teak : Iroko is a large hardwood Tree from the west coast of tropical Africa the Tree is known to the Yoruba as Irókò or loko and is believed to have supernatural properties. Researchers reveal the presence of flavonoids, carbohydrate, proteins, tannins, saponins and alkaloids in the aqueous extracts from different parts of the African teak, which make it capable of being used to treat diabetes, bronchitis, leprosy, tiredness, heart problems, tumour reduction. Although the iroko tree is referred to as the African teak, yet it is not related to the teak family. The iroko leaves, bark, milky/yellowish latex and ashes are used for preparing herbal medicines for treating certain ailments and diseases. The iroko seeds are usually dispersed by rain water, wind or animals such as bats. A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. Due to the durability of the iroko wood, it is mainly used for construction work, domestic flooring, cabinet-work, outdoor furniture, boats, panelling, boat-building, instrument, frames and floors. Interestingly, this dioecious iroko tree appears to be one of the highly priceless trees in the world due to its numerous beneficial potentials. The powdered bark is used for coughs, heart problems and lassitude. Efforts to establish M. excelsa plantations have proved futile as a result of low germination of M. excelsa seeds a few months … Milicia excelsa Welw. Berg (Moraceae) is a medicinal plant recommended over tropical Africa as a cure for several ailments including amenorrhea. 11-13. It is a large, dioecious tree that grows up to 50 m high . Berg Moraceae is an important economic tree species in West Africa. 2005; 207:341–350. To accurately estimate the genetic diversity and population structure for improved conservation planning of Milicia excelsa tree, 212 individuals from twelve population samples covering the species' range in Benin were surveyed at seven specific microsatellite DNA loci. Berg) Populations across Different Biogeographical Zones in Benin, International Journal of Forestry Research, vol. Cooking is a passion I developed at a very tender age from my mum and this online platform is where I aim to share and grow knowledge in all things cooking. In this first paper, non-medicinal plant uses (build-ing, food, crafting, tying material, poison, symbolic etc.) Plasmodium berghei (NK) infection in mice was used as a model for malaria infection. Mulch is a set of material used to cover the surface of a vegetation of the soil in order to improve the fertility, conserve moisture and boost the well-being of the soil. The part of tree mostly used is the bark. Africana, Milicia excelsa and Prunus Africana. One important tree that has suffered this sort of habitat loss is the iroko tree. Therefore these medicinal plant species are in need of conservation. It is basically four layered, made up of a discontinuous emergent canopy dominated by Milicia excelsa (Iroko), Celtis zenkeri, Terminalia superb, and Antiaris africana; a tree canopy made up of Blighia sapida, young Ceiba pentandra, Entandrophragma angolense, and Ricinodendron heudelotii as the more frequent woody plants. C. Berg mvuli, mvule, muvule, iroko TREE MANAGEMENT Compared with other hardwoods, M. excelsa is a fast-growing species and coppices readily. Care must be taken to position seedlings in full shade and The iroko tree (Milicia excelsa) is also known as Odum tree, Mvule or African teak, rock elm, teca Africana, African oak, Iroko, teck d’Afrique, moreira or teck kambala. 1. Privacy Policy: We dislike SPAM E-Mail. This can be explained by the location of Bata on the mainland with its big forests (Moreno Medina, 1990). This is the hallmark of an ovarian lesion or a dysfunction of the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarian axis which may lead to infertility, osteoporosis or endometrial cancer. The use of medicinal plants for the treatment of diseases including malaria is a common practice in Ghanaian traditional medicine. Berg [family MORACEAE], in Bull. Its … This plant is widely used in African folk medicine as a decoction to treat several ailments. (2013), Socio-Economic Benefits of Iroko Trees (. Leaves are eaten to treat insanity; a leaf maceration is drunk as a galactagogue. Bark preparations are externally applied to treat scabies, wounds, loss of hair, fever, venereal diseases and sprains. The powdered bark is used for coughs, heart problems and lassitude. (Phytolyma lata) which destroy the growing point of each shoot and cause stunting or death. 4.8.1 Milicia excelsa (Welw.) We used 435 samples collected in West, Central and East Africa. Some people plant the iroko tree as a landmark and to show boundaries between lands, towns, farms and villages. Industrial wood (logs, sawtimber, construction wood, plywood, chip and particle board, wood pulp etc.) Milicia regia is one of two trees known as "odum" in Ghana, the other being the closely related Milicia excelsa. The iroko serves as a shade and a decorative tree. The study also produced the UV-VIS and FT-IR spectrum profile for Milicia excelsa leaf which could be used to identify the plant biomarkers and chemical markers. Abstract . Forest Ecology and Management 207(3): 341–346. doi: 10.1016/j.foreco.2004.10.069. Range. The objective of this study is to document indigenous knowledge of medicinal plants used for the treatment of malaria through ethno-botanical studies to facilitate the discovery of new sources of drugs. As a result of this, the toxicity of ethanol extract of this plant was investigated in our laboratory in 2015; the LD 50 was found to be greater than 5g/kg body weight of rats (Areola et al. (1996), The impact of Phytolyma lata injury on growth and biomass accumulation of Iroko (. 18 MEDICINAL PLANTS/HERBS FOR TREATING DIARRHEA, 18 REASONS YOU NEED THE AFRICAN OIL BEAN (UKPAKA OR UGBA), 35 INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF RICINODENDRON HEUDELOTII (NJANGSA), 28 INCREDIBLE BENEFITS OF THE BAMBOO PLANT, 19 POWERFUL MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR TREATING HEPATITIS, HERE'S WHAT YOU STAND TO GAIN FROM THE AFRICAN LOCUST BEANS, 18 MEDICINAL PLANTS FOR TREATING DIABETES. The milky latex and leaves from the iroko tree can be used to produce herbal medicines that can heal stomach problems such as dysentery. 3] Bizoux, J.P., Daïnou, K., Bourland, N., Hardy, O.J., Heuertz, M., Mahy, G., Doucet, J.L., (2009). In the present study, we investigated the antiplasmodial activity of ethanolic extract of Milicia excelsa. A decoction of the root and stem bark is taken as an aphrodisiac. Milicia excelsa on the other hand has also been reported to be used in herbal medicine. It grows up to 35 m in height and 200 cm in trunk diameter. Using our approach, twelve species emerged as priority species for conservation. C. Berg mvuli, mvule, muvule, iroko TREE MANAGEMENT Compared with other hardwoods, M. excelsa is a fast-growing species and coppices readily. Trees are ready for harvesting at about 50 years of age. The iroko root can be decocted and used for treating female sexual infertility, asthma, piles, lumbago, spleen pain, galactagogue, oedema, scabies, wounds, ascites, sprains, dysmenorrhoea, gonorrhoea, venereal diseases, sprains, loss of hair, rheumatism and aphrodisiac. Milicia excelsa (Welw) C.C. C.C. 5] Nichols, J. D., Wagner, M. R., Agyeman, V. K, Bonsu, P. and Cobbinah, J. R. (1998), Influence of artificial gaps in, forest on survival, growth, and Phytolyma lata attack on. The IUCN has this species on the Red List under ‘Near Threatened’ (BIZOUX, J.-P., 2009). The iroko leaves are ovate in appearance, greenish in colour with toothed edge and measure approximately 5 to 10 centimetres. Trees are ready for harvesting at about 50 years of … A root decoction is taken to treat female sterility. . Molecular Ecology 18(21), pp.4398-4400. Iroko Milicia excelsa with IITA Forest Reserve in the background. and the general perspectives of the traditional plant knowledge system (plant identification and classification) are discussed. C.C. There is limited knowledge on propagation of some of these medicinal plants. It is also used to remove poison and thorns from the body. 2010, pp. Despite its reduction in number, researchers have revealed that there are several incredible benefits of iroko tree that makes it stand out from other trees in the ecosystem. Keywords: Milicia excelsa; Anti-inflammatory; Membrane stabilizing assay; Plant biomarkers 1. Medicine: Yellow leaves are used in the treatment of anaemia and fever. Milicia excelsa, etc ; Bursaphelenchus; females; morphometry; new species; phylogeny; tail; vulva; wood; Cameroon; Italy; Show all 11 Subjects Abstract: ... A new species of Bursaphelenchus, extracted from unprocessed logs of Milicia excelsa from Cameroon and arriving in the port of Leghorn, Tuscany, Central Italy, is described. The iroko leaves are ovate in appearance, greenish in colour with toothed edge and measure approximately 5 to 10 centimetres. There are large solitary trees in the fields, on the Golf Course, near residential and administrative buildings, and even in the hotel car park. Although the iroko tree is referred to as the African teak, yet it is not related to the teak family. Milicia excelsa (welw.) 7] Ouete, J. L. N., Sandjo, L. P., Kapche, D. W. F. G. and Yeboah, S. O., Mapitse, R., Abegaz, B. M., Opatz, T. and Ngadjui, B. T. (2014), : A New Benzylic Diglycoside from the Leaves of. Milicia excelsa. M. excelsa is one of the revered medicinal plants in Africa that have been used for the treatment of malaria infection among the Yoruba speaking people of South-Western Nigeria for many centuries. Introduction Inflammation is a pathophysiological response of the body to injury, infection or destruction characterized by heat, … Background: Milicia excelsa is used to treat mental illnesses among the Hausa ethnic group of Northern Nigeria, but there is lack of scientific investigation to validate this ethnomedicinal claim. When the iroko leaves become older, they tend to turn yellowish in colour while the young leaves still remain greenish. It is a large, dioecious tree that grows up to 50 m high . Milicia excelsa, etc ; Bursaphelenchus; females; morphometry; new species; phylogeny; tail; vulva; wood; Cameroon; Italy; Show all 11 Subjects Abstract: A new species of Bursaphelenchus, extracted from unprocessed logs of Milicia excelsa from Cameroon and arriving in the port of Leghorn, Tuscany, Central Italy, is described.